All public posts: # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
C-spine evaluation
Posted by dkwinter
3 critical views:APLateralOpen mouthhttp://radiologymasterclass.co.uk/tutorials/musculoskeletal/x-ray_trauma_spinal/x-ray_c-spine_normal.html
C1-C2 injuries
Posted by dkwinter
Source: Academic Life in Emergency Medicine
C3-C7 fractures
Posted by dkwinter
Source: Academic Life in Emergency Medicine
CADDRA Guide to ADHD Pharmacological Treatments in Canada 2014
Posted by dkwinter
See also:http://www.caddra.ca/http://adhdlearning.caddra.ca/  
Calcium correction calculator for hypoalbuminemia in conventional or SI units
Posted by dkwinter
\$jsmodules/corrected_calcium.html/  Reference ranges:     Albumin: 35-50 g/L 3.5-5 g/dL     Calcium: 2.25-2.75 mmol/L 9.0-10.5 mg/dL    &n
Calculating Prostate Volume BPH
Posted by dkwinter
Volume of an ellipsoid like the prostate:Volume mL = L x W x H x pi/6Volume mL &asymp L x W x H x 0.52 L, W, H are in cm. Normal prostate size is up to 30 mL.Enlargement is normal with increasing age.Se
Canada's Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines
Posted by dkwinter
Women: no more than 10 drinks/week no more than 2 drinks a day on most days no more than 3 drinks on any single special occasion in a safe environment.Men: no more than 15 drinks/week no more than 3 drinks a day on most days no more than 
Canadian Cardiovascular Society Dyslipidemia Guidelines 2012
Posted by dkwinter
Source: http://ccs.ca/index.php/en/resources/pocket-guides   
Canadian Cardiovascular Society grading of angina pectoris
Posted by dkwinter
Canadian Hypertension Education Program CHEP 2015 Guidelines
Posted by dkwinter
Source: https://www.hypertension.ca/en/chep
Canadian Stroke Best Practices Recommendations
Posted by dkwinter
Source: http://www.strokebestpractices.ca/  
CANMAT Depression Guidelines 2009
Posted by dkwinter
See also: SSRI & SNRI cheat sheet Click here to open the Guidelines as a PDF 64 pages but only 1.0 MB: Download CANMAT Depression Guidelines 2009.pdf Selected Tables for Quick Reference: 
Car seat guide for Canada
Posted by dkwinter
Source: Transport Canada http://tc.gc.ca/en/services/road/child-car-seat-safety/buying-child-car-seat-booster-seat.html 
Cardiac markers
Posted by dkwinter
Cardiac markerEarliest rise hPeak hNormalized dCK-MB4-6242-3Troponin I4-6123-10Troponin T including high sensitivity test3-12127-10
Carotid Artery Testing for Stroke Prevention following TIA
Posted by dkwinter
​Some secondary strokes are preventable in patients with carotid artery territory TIA because early carotid revascularization is efficacious in symptomatic patients with critical carotid stenosis. Patients with carotid territory TIA need eit
Celiac disease, serological markers
Posted by dkwinter
Note: the diagnosis of celiac disease is a risk factor for nutritional deficiency and complications of the disease. It also has important implications for family members who may be at risk for celiac or related diseases. On the other hand, risks
Cervical Cancer Screening Guidelines in NL
Posted by dkwinter
See also: CDC Cervical Cancer Screening Guidelines comparison of ACS, USPSTF, ACOG and SGO guidelines 
Cervical Screening Guidelines NL 2016
Posted by dkwinter
CFPC Preventative Care Checklist -- FEMALE
Posted by dkwinter
Source: http://www.cfpc.ca/ProjectAssets/Templates/Resource.aspx?id=1184&langType=4105 See also:CFPC Preventative Care Checklist ExplanationsCFPC Preventative Care Checklist -- MALE Download as PDF 485 KB:&n
CFPC Preventative Care Checklist -- MALE
Posted by dkwinter
Source: http://www.cfpc.ca/projectassets/templates/resource.aspx?id=1184&langType=4105 See also:CFPC Preventative Care Checklist ExplanationsCFPC Preventative Care Checklist -- FEMALE Download as PDF 484 KB:
CFPC Preventative Care Checklist Explanations
Posted by dkwinter
Source: http://www.cfpc.ca/projectassets/templates/resource.aspx?id=1184&langType=4105 See also:CFPC Preventative Care Checklist -- MALECFPC Preventative Care Checklist -- FEMALE Download as PDF 576 KB: 
CHADS2
Posted by dkwinter
See also: Anticoagulation Provides guidance for anticoagulation of patient with atrial fibrillation Criterion Points CHF 1 HTN &
Children's Tylenol- and Motrin-branded formulations patient handout
Posted by dkwinter
Cholinergic and anticholinergic toxidromes
Posted by dkwinter
Cholinergic toxicity DUMBBELSSSyndromeDiarrheaUrinationMiosisBronchospasmBradycardiaExcitation of skeletal muscle and CNSLacrimationSweatingSalivationDirect cholinergic agonistsBethanechol activates b
Chronic Kidney Disease CKD Clinical Pathway
Posted by dkwinter
See also: Detection, Monitoring & Referral of Chronic Kidney Disease, Akbari Algorithm The Chronic Kidney Disease CKD Clinical Pathway is a resource for primary care providers to aid in the diagnosis, medical management, and
CKD stages
Posted by dkwinter
From http://www.renal.org/information-resources/the-uk-eckd-guide/ckd-stages:StageGFR*DescriptionTreatment stage190+Normal kidney fu
Clavicle fracture
Posted by dkwinter
Mid-shaft clavicle fracturesEven if significantly shortened virtually all will heal well. X-rays may not stabilize until 12 weeks or show good callous formation until 12 months. No need to repeat X-rays more than once.Activity as tolerated after
CMA Driver's Guide visual acuity and visual field requirements for private and commercial licenses
Posted by dkwinter
From CMA Driver's Guide: Determining Medical Fitness to Operate Motor Vehicles 8th Ed. 2012
CNS Infections
Posted by dkwinter
Source: Academic Life in Emergency Medicine
Coactifed monograph
Posted by dkwinter
Download file [PDF 244 KB] Key points:Take 10 mL of syrup every 6-8 hours. Do not exceed 4 doses in 24 hours.COACTIFED® is contraindicated in patients less than 18 years old.Each 5 mL contains:triprolidine HCl 2 mgp
Colonoscopy follow-up guidelines
Posted by dkwinter
Note: Following EGD finding of intestinal metaplasia a surveillance gastroscopy is indicated in 2-3 years.Guidelines for Colonoscopy Surveillance After Screening and Polypectomy: A Consensus Update by the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colo
Combivent nebule definition
Posted by dkwinter
Combivent Nebule = Salbutamol 2.5 mg + Ipratropium 0.50 mg in 2.5 mL One Combivent nebule is equivalent to:1 x Salbutamol 2.5 mg/2.5 mL NebulePLUS2 x Ipratropium 0.25 mg/1 mL Nebules
Common antihypertensive dosages
Posted by dkwinter
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme InhibitorsNote: consider discontinuation or dose reduction of diuretic when initiating an ACE inhibitor to avoid potential hypotensionPerindopril Coversyl4-8 mg PO dailyRamipril Altace2.5-
Commonly needed foot supports and other braces
Posted by dkwinter
  
Concussion management steps
Posted by dkwinter
Return to PlaySummary from Concussionu.ca:Patient handout -> Return to Play Guidelines [PDF 175 KB] from Parachute  Return to LearnSummary from Concussionu.ca: #concussion
Concussion Recognition Tool 5 for field use 2017
Posted by dkwinter
See also: SCAT5   
Contraception failure rates
Posted by dkwinter
 
Contraceptive patch
Posted by dkwinter
Good for patients who can't remember to take the pill:Evra patch 21 6mg/0.6mg norelgestromin/ethinyl estradiol
COPD Action Plan 2012
Posted by dkwinter Source Canadian Thoracic Society
Click here to download as a PDF
COPD Prophylactic Antibiotic Regimens
Posted by dkwinter
Azithromycin 250mg 1 tab po qMonWedFri 3 doses per weekDoxycycline 100 mg po qhsAmox/Clav 875/125 i tab po q12h x 10 days, repeat one course each month
COPD Update 2008
Posted by dkwinter Source Canadian Thoracic Society
COPD exacerbation
Posted by dkwinter
See also: Asthma Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Cough/shortness of breath Ddx Upper respiratory infection Hx COPD &n
Calcium channel blocker adverse effects
Posted by dkwinter
See also Amlodipine (Dihydropyridine CCB) Sx Gastroesophageal reflux Significant peripheral edema is a common side effect of dihydropyridine Ca-channel antagonists like amlodipine  
Canadian Diabetes Association Guidelines 2013
Posted by dkwinter
Interactive screening decision support tool: CDA  Screening for and Diagnosing Diabetes Healthcare Provider ToolSource: http://guidelines.diabetes.ca/ Addendum 2016:  Guidelines 2013:
Cardiac Tamponade
Posted by dkwinter
Source: Academic Life in Emergency Medicine
Cephalexin (Keflex)
Posted by dkwinter
Study to watch: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01029782
Cervical cancer
Posted by dkwinter
See also: Vaginal bleeding Ddx Hx Postcoital bleeding Cigarette smoker over 35 taking OCPs Workup Pelvic exam Pap smear Colposcopy and biopsy Ppx &
Chagas disease
Posted by dkwinter
A chronic protozoal disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, an organism common throughout Latin America. Primary manifestations Megacolon/megaesophagus (focal GI dilatation) Occur secondary to destruct
Chemical sedation for agitation: Haldol vs Ativan vs Versed
Posted by dkwinter
Source: Academic Life in Emergency Medicine 
Chest pain Ddx
Posted by dkwinter
Hx     Location     Quality     Severity     Radiation     Duration     Context exertional, postprandial, positional, cocaine use, trauma   
Child-SCAT3 Sport Concussion Assessment Tool -- 3rd edition for children 5-12 years old
Posted by dkwinter
** UPDATE: See  SCAT5 ** Source: Concussion in Sport Group group of international expertsSee also: SCAT3 for adultsDownload Child-SCAT3 as PDFOnly 26.5% of Sport-Related Concussion SRC patients present to the E
Classes of antibiotics
Posted by dkwinter
Source: Sketchy Medicine  
Clonidine toxicity
Posted by dkwinter
Resembles opioid toxicity Sx Hypotension Bradycardia Altered mental status Respiratory depression Miosis Mechanism Primarily a p
Clostridium Difficile Infection CDI
Posted by dkwinter
Source: Academic Life in Emergency Medicine 
Cluster headache
Posted by dkwinter
See also: Headache Ddx Epidemiology Middle-aged males are most commonly affected Hx Severe unilateral temporal headache Associated ipsilateral Rhinorrhea
Colloid solutions
Posted by dkwinter
See also     Crystalloid solutions Colloid SolutionsAlbumin     5% to 25% concentration     Very little data to suggest improved outcome     Some data to suggest increased
Common inpatient medication orders at St. Clare's
Posted by dkwinter
See also: Typical St. Clare's admission & post-op orders Pain     Atasol 30 1-2 tabs po q4h prn     Morphine 2-5 mg sc q3h prn     Percocet 1-2 tabs po q4h prn    &nbs
Commonly Abused Drugs
Posted by dkwinter Source NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse
 Commonly Abused DrugsVisit NIDA at www.drugabuse.govSubstances: Category and Name Examples of Commercial and Street Names DEA Schedule*/ How Administered** Acute Effects/Health RisksIncreased blood pressure and heart rate/chronic lung d
Composition of intravenous fluids
Posted by dkwinter
 
Condyloma acuminata (Genital warts)
Posted by dkwinter
See also: Vulvar lesions Pathology Caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) infection Sx Females may have internal and/or external vaginal lesions as well as anogenital lesions Patients are most
Constipation/Diarrhea Ddx
Posted by dkwinter
Hx Frequency and volume of stools Duration of change in bowel habits Associated symptoms Constitutional Abdominal pain &
Continuous Infusions
Posted by dkwinter
Source: Academic Life in Emergency Medicine
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)
Posted by dkwinter
Complications Atrial fibrillation Occurs in up to 40% of patients Occurs in over 50% of patients with CABG with aortic valve replacement
Cough and cold remedies by age group
Posted by dkwinter
InfantsPreschoolersSchool age 6-12Children over 12 and AdultsIbuprofenIbuprofenIbuprofenIbuprofenAcetaminophenAcetaminophenAcetaminophen
Cough/Shortness of breath Ddx
Posted by dkwinter
Hx Acute vs chronic Presence/description of sputum Associated symptoms Constitutional URI &n
Croup
Posted by dkwinter
Source: Academic Life in Emergency Medicine
Croup vs Epiglottitis with treatment algorithm
Posted by dkwinter
Usual dose of dexamethasone for Croup: 0.6 mg/kg PO or IM. Usual maximum dose: 16 mg. May repeat in 6 to 24 hours. Sx of airway diseaseTachypneaHypoxiaWheezeStridorNasal flaringGruntingIntercostal recession/indraw
Cryosurgery, indications
Posted by dkwinter
Source: Am Fam Physician. 2012 Dec 158612:1118-1124.  
Crystalloid solutions
Posted by dkwinter
See also     Colloid solutions     Maintenance fluids 421 rule calculator Crystalloid solutionsSolutionpH[Na+][Cl-][K+][Ca2+][Mg2+][Lactate][
CTFPH Prostate Cancer Screening Recommendations 2014
Posted by dkwinter