Site-specific differential diagnoses
Posted by dkwinter


  1. Shin Splints (Medial tibial stress syndrome)

    • characterized by pain along the inner edge of the anterior aspect of the tibia

    • caused by overuse or repetitive stress on the anterior tibia and surrounding tissues

  2. Stress Fracture

    • small cracks or breaks in the tibia that result from repetitive stress or overuse

    • characterized by localized pain and tenderness, which can worsen with activity

  3. Compartment Syndrome

    • increased pressure within a muscle compartment of the shin leads to pain, numbness, or weakness

    • the symptoms are often exacerbated during physical activity

  4. Shin Contusion

    • a bruise on the shin, usually resulting from a direct blow or impact to the area

    • can cause pain, swelling, and discoloration

  5. Cellulitis

    • a bacterial skin infection causing redness, warmth, swelling, and tenderness

    • it may also be accompanied by systemic symptoms like fever

  6. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

    • can develop in the calf, causing pain, swelling, and warmth

  7. Osteomyelitis

    • a bone infection that can affect the tibia

    • may cause localized pain, swelling, redness, and fever